Deer Resistant Plants

The key here is "resistant." Not "proof," since there is apparently no such thing if they are really hungry. I will be structuring this list a little strangely--arranging them partly by the species they benefit. Anything that makes this list is native to North America unless otherwise indicated--and has at least moderate deer resistance.

Many herbs are deer resistant... this blog post from Grounded Design may provide some insight!
Grounded Design: Your Herbs Are Trying To Kill You

updated 03/25/17

Birds

American Holly -- ilex opaca 
American Sweetgum -- liquidambar styraciflua
Bald Cypress -- taxodium distichum
Big Bluestem -- Andropogon gerardii
Black-eyed Susan -- rudbeckia hirta 
Blazing Star -- liatris spicata  
Bundleflower -- desmanthus illinoensis
Cardinal Flower -- lobelia cardinalis  
Christmas Fern -- Polystichum acrostichoides (attracts ruffed grouse)
Columbine -- aquilegia canadensis  
Coralberry -- symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Eastern Redbud --  Cercis canadensis
Eastern Red Cedar -- juniperus virginiana
Flowering Dogwood -- cornus florida
Green Hawthorn -- crataegus viridis  
Inkberry Holly -- ilex glabra
Joe-Pye Weed -- eupatoriadelphus fistulosus  
Lantana -- lantana urticoides  "deer proof"
Mountain Laurel -- kalmia latifolia 
Oregon Grape -- mahonia aquifolium  
Passion Vine -- passiflora incarnata
Pink Evening Primrose -- Oenothera speciosa
Prairie Goldenrod -- solidago nemoralis
Red Chokeberry -- photinia pyrifoia  (syn. aronia arbutifolia)
Southern Arrowwood -- viburnum dentatum  
Spicebush -- Lindera benzoin
Summersweet -- clethra alnifolia
Swamp Sunflower -- helianthus angustifolius  
Tickseed -- Coreopsis sp.  
Virginia Creeper -- Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Iris (Great Blue Flag) -- iris virginica  
Virginia Sweetspire -- itea virginica
White Boneset -- eupatorium serotinum
Wild Bergamot -- monarda fistulosa  
Wild Bleedingheart -- Dicentra eximia  
Winterberry Holly -- ilex verticillata
Yaupon Holly -- ilex vomitoria

Butterflies

Anise Hyssop -- Agastache foeniculum  
American Holly -- ilex opaca  
Bald Cypress -- taxodium distichum
Bee Balm -- monarda didyma
Big Bluestem -- Andropogon gerardii 
Black Cohosh -- Actaea racemosa
Black-eyed Susan -- rudbeckia hirta  
Blazing Star -- liatris spicata   
Bundleflower -- desmanthus illinoensis
Butterfly Weed -- asclepias tuberosa  
Cardinal Flower -- lobelia cardinalis  
Carolina Jessamine -- gelsemium sempervirens
Columbine -- aquilegia canadensis   
Eastern Red Cedar -- juniperus virginiana
Flowering Dogwood -- cornus florida
Green and Gold -- chrysogonum virginianum
Green Hawthorn -- crataegus viridis    
Indian Blanket -- gaillardia pulchella
Inland Sea Oats -- chasmanthium latifolium   
Joe-Pye Weed -- eupatoriadelphus fistulosus
Lantana -- lantana urticoides  "deer proof"
Lemon Beebalm/ Horsemint -- monarda citriodora
Little Bluestem -- Schizachyrium scoparium
Obedient Plant -- physostegia virginiana
Passion Vine -- passiflora incarnata
Poison Ivy -- toxicodendron radicans  [Just console yourself that's its good for something if you've got some in an out-of-the-way spot...]
Prairie Goldenrod -- solidago nemoralis
Southern Arrowwood -- viburnum dentatum   
Spicebush -- Lindera benzoin   
St. John's Wort -- Hypericum sp. 
Summersweet -- clethra alnifolia
Swamp Sunflower -- helianthus angustifolius  
Tickseed -- Coreopsis sp.  
Turtlehead -- Chelone sp.
Virginia Creeper -- Parthenocissus quinquefolia
White Boneset -- eupatorium serotinum
Wild Bergamot -- monarda fistulosa
Wooly Ironweed -- vernonia lindheimeri
Yarrow -- achillea millefolium 
Yaupon Holly -- ilex vomitoria

Hummingbirds
*Several other butterfly plants are used by hummingbirds, however these are known to actively attract them.

Anise Hyssop -- Agastache foeniculum
Bee Balm -- monarda didyma
Bottlebrush Buckeye -- aesculus parviflora
Butterfly Weed -- asclepias tuberosa   
Cardinal Flower -- lobelia cardinalis  
Carolina Jessamine -- gelsemium sempervirens
Columbine -- aquilegia canadensis   
Crossvine -- bignonia capreolata  
Mountain Sweet Pepperbush -- clethra acuminata
Obedient Plant -- physostegia virginiana
Red Buckeye -- aesculus pavia
Summersweet -- clethra alnifolia
Wild Bergamot -- monarda fistulosa

Native Bees -- plants of special value

Anise Hyssop -- Agastache foeniculum  
Bush Honeysuckle -- diervilla lonicera
Celandine Poppy -- Stylophorum diphyllum
Dwarf Witchhazel -- fothergilla gardenii 
False Indigo -- Amorpha fruticosa  
St. John's Wort -- Hypericum sp. 
Turtlehead -- Chelone sp.
Virginia Sweetspire -- itea virginica  
Yarrow -- achillea millefolium 

Native Grasses tend to be highly deer resistant. Maybe they don't like flossing their teeth. Try:

Big Bluestem -- Andropogon gerardii 
Inland Sea Oats -- chasmanthium latifolium  
Little Bluestem -- Schizachyrium scoparium
Muhly Grass (all species) -- muhlenbergia capillaris
Plains Lovegrass -- eragrostis intermedia
Purple Lovegrass -- eragrostis spectabilis
Switchgrass -- Panicum virgatum

Rain Gardens

Cardinal Flower -- lobelia cardinalis 
Cinnamon Fern -- Osmunda cinnamomea
Inkberry Holly -- ilex glabra 
Inland Sea Oats -- chasmanthium latifolium  (use at edges)
Obedient Plant -- physostegia virginiana
Red Chokeberry -- photinia pyrifoia  
Scouringrush Horsetail -- equisetum hyemale
Swamp Sunflower -- helianthus angustifolius
Turtlehead -- Chelone sp.
Virginia Iris (Great Blue Flag) -- iris virginica 

Culinary or Other Noteworthy (most are not native)

American Smoketree -- cotinus obovatus 
Chives -- Allium schoenoprasum 
Daffodils -- narcissus sp. (included because they work well with ground covers)
Garlic Chives -- Allium tuberosum
Lamb's Ear -- Stachys byzantina -- adored by bees if the flowers are allowed to bloom.
Monkshood -- Aconitum sp.
Peony -- I couldn't resist.
Rosemary -- Rosemarinus officinalis 
Sage -- Salvia officinalis
Thyme -- Thymus vulgaris
Woodland Anise -- Illicium mexicanum x floridanum --tropical looking, likes shade and moisture.

For a fabulous list of 344 plants indexed by the Latin name, check with Mrs. Smarty Plants.  Be sure to pull up the species you are interested in, because some plants are highly resistant and others are mildly so.  Or, try the Old Farmer's Almanac. Also, for the vegetable gardener, try Deer Departed.